Understanding Head Injury
Nov 09, 2019 Tibss

Understanding Head Injury

Head injuries are considered to be one of the most widely recognized reasons for incapacity among adults and even youngsters. The damage can be either mild or severe depending upon the nature and extent of the injury. Head injuries are likewise generally alluded to as brain injury, or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). To give you a better understanding of the head injuries, The Institute of Brain and Spine Surgery (TIBSS), together with a team of the best brain surgeons in Chandigarh has laid down this post.

To begin with, let’s understand what the major types of head injuries are. Different Kinds of Head Injuries


It is a wild form of brain injury. A concussion is usually common after wild head banging against the wall or floor in adults. Or in children, it is concussed after shaking of a child by the parents. It leads to wild cognitive issues or prolonged headache.

Skull Fracture

Unlike most of the bones in a human body, the skull doesn't have bone marrow. This is the reason why the skull is exceptionally solid and hard to break. However, a fragmented skull is unable to ingest the impact of a blow, making it almost certain that there'll be more harmful to your brain.

Haemorrhage (SubDural)

This is an injury that involves unmanageable bleeding. There are two types of haemorrhages, subarachnoid haemorrhage, and intracerebral haemorrhage or hematoma. In the former, the bleeding occurs in the space around the brain, while in the latter, it is within the tissues of the brain.

Diffuse Axonal Injury

This is damage to the brain that doesn't cause bleeding however damages the brain cells at the microscopic level. This further results in the improper functioning of these cells. In spite of the fact that it isn't a visible kind of brain injury, yet is one of the deadliest sorts of head injuries. It can prompt permanent damage to the brain and even demise.

Symptoms of a Head Injury It's imperative to know about different symptoms and danger signs. Symptoms of a severe head injury may not show up immediately. Therefore the best neurosurgeons in Chandigarh at TIBSS, recommend keeping a consistent observational eye on the side effects for a few days after you harm your head.

Symptoms of a Mild Head Injury:

  • Bleeding
  • Bruises
  • Mild to Moderate Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Concussions, vertigo

Symptoms of a Moderate Head Injury:

  • Short span Unconsciousness
  • Confusion
  • Vomiting (repeated)
  • Prolonged Headache
  • Blurring of vision
  • Temporary alterations in the behavior
  • Memory Issues
  • Imbalance

Symptoms of a Severe Head Injury

  • Difficulty in speech
  • Seizures
  • Poor senses
  • Fluid or blood discharging from ears or nose
  • Numbness
  • Long term unconsciousness
  • Deep coma or death

Treatment of a head injury

Being the best brain surgery hospital in Chandigarh, TIBSS the doctors here recommend treatment, based upon the following factors:

  • Age and medical history of the patient
  • The intensity of the injury and severity
  • Type of head injury

However, the treatments prescribed include:

Being the best brain surgery hospital in Chandigarh, TIBSS the doctors here recommend treatment, based upon the following factors:

  • Rest
  • Antibiotic ointment for superficial cuts if present
  • Prompt medical assistance
  • Hospitalization for appropriate assessment and subsequent treatment
  • Sedation if agitation is present
  • Decongestants (anti-swelling medication)
  • Treatment of associated injuries and physiotherapy later on
  • Surgery in case of severe head injury with localized hematoma or gross edema (swelling) in the brain causing pressure effect.

Treatment is case-sensitive, contingent upon the degree of damage and the extent of different injuries. In case the patient has a serious head injury, the patient may require observation for increased intracranial pressure (pressure inside the skull). Head injury may make the brain swell. Since the cerebrum is secured by the skull, there is just a modest quantity of space for it to expand. This makes the pressure to rise inside the skull, which can prompt brain damage requiring urgent interventions. The impact of head injury does not subside at the movement of impact, but it is a dynamic process that carries on for several days, maybe months. After proper treatment of the acute events, several patients of a head injury may require cognitive or behavioral therapy also for rehabilitation.

When to Consult a Doctor As per the best neurologists in Chandigarh at TIBSS, head injuries should never be taken for granted. One should consult a primary care physician immediately in case he/she encounters the side effects of a severe head injury.

To be more specific, you ought to consistently look for quick therapeutic consideration in the event that you experience any of the symptoms:

  • Loss of awareness
  • Disarray
  • Confusion

On account of possibly serious head injury, you ought to consult the best neurologist in the town. Moreover, if you happen to be in Haryana or North India, you can always seek the perfect medical assistance at the best brain surgery hospital in Panchkula, i.e. TIBSS.

Immediate action is important as the movement can exacerbate the head injury. Our best neurosurgeons like Dr. Manish Budhiraja is prepared to attend the patients cautiously without causing more harm.